Cookies are basically the tracks and information that we leave or collect from servers when browsing on the internet. On one hand cookies can improve browsing activities, but on the other hand they can jeopardize your privacy and the security of your information. Cookies improve browsing when, for instance, we fill in a form with our preferences. In that case, a server can transform such information into a cookie, which can be sent to your browser. The first time you visit the website, a cookie will be sent to your browser enabling the server to upload news on the webpage to meet your requirements.
The most update versions of the two browsers (Netscape and Internet Explorer) provide the possibility to be informed each time a server attempts to send you a cookie. If you enable that option, you will be able to reject cookies. Therefore, cookies are very useful when, after subscribing to a website that requires the input of a user name and password, you receive a cookie allowing you to avoid inputting these two parameters each time you connect or browse from one webpage to the other in the reserved area. Our browser will use that cookies lo let you in, as a badge. When it comes to security, only a spy with a sniffer would be able to detect a cookie while it moves from your browser to a server and use it to get free access to the website. However, as your browser uses the Domain Name System (DNS) to determine which cookies belong to a website, it is possible to modify a browser, that is to say to enter and spy on the cookies in your computer, so that it will send a cookie to a pirate server and temporarily corrupt the DNS. To prevent this from happening, the primary technology used among the many available to website developers consists in creating cooking with a short life, so they would not be stolen from the cookie database of the user nor be read. In fact, it is true that, although ecommerce is not rocketing at the moment, it is very secure and scams are limited to the minimum.
How to erase cookies
Mozilla Firebox – Clearing cookies in Mozilla Firefox is equally easy. Go to Tools and click on Delete recent history. Select All from the drop-down menu Period to delete and check in the Details list that the item Cookies is flagged. Push the Delete now button to erase cookies. So, you got rid of them from here, too.
Google Chrome – The process is similar also for the Mountain View browser. Go to Customize and check Google Chrome, then select Delete browsing data from the Tool menu. Select All in the drop-down menu, flag Delete Cookies and other website data and plug-ins (it is a default setting), then press Delete browsing data.
Other browsers – Consider that all browsers – not only Explorer, Firefox and Chrome – provide tools to clear cookies from your computer and they include options to delete individual cookies, block incoming cookies and manage other common browsing elements such as history, search settings and saved passwords.
Flash cookies – Traditional cookies are simple text files that store your browsing habits to improve your interaction with a website. Flash cookies (created with Adobe’s Flash technology) can store far more data, they do not expire and you can’t notice their presence on your computer as they are not saved in any defined folder.
What happens when we delete cookies
This type of cookies is needed for the correct use of some website areas. This type of cookies includes both persistent cookies and session cookies. The website or some areas of the website may not work properly without this type of cookies. Therefore, they are always used, regardless of the user preferences. This type of cookies is always sent to your domain.
This type of cookies can be used to collect information on the website use. The Data controller can use this information for statistical analysis, to improve the website or make it easier to use, in addition to monitoring its proper functioning. This type of cookies collects anonymous information on the user’s activity on the website and the path leading the user to the website and visited webpages. This type of cookies is sent by the website or other third-party domains.
Third party tracking cookies
This type of cookies is used to collect information on the website use by visitors, the passwords used to access the website, the visited websites and the origin of visitors’ traffic in marketing campaigns. The Data controller can use this information to generate reports and improve the website. Cookies collect anonymous information. This type of cookies is sent by the website or other third party domains.
Cookies for third party functionality integration
This type of cookies is used to integrate third party functionalities in the website (for instance, comment forms or social network icons allowing visitors to share the website content). This type of cookies can be sent by partner website domains or domains providing the functionalities existing on the website.
The Data controller is not required to ask for the user’s consent for technical cookies, as they are strictly necessary to provide the service.
As for other types of cookies, user’s consent can be expressed by the User in compliance with the regulation in force through specific browser configurations and IT programs or devices that are easy and clear to use for the User. The Data controller reminds the User that it is possible to change the user preferences for cookies at any time. The user can also disable browser cookies at any time, but this operation may prevent the User from using some areas of the website.
Third party website
Pursuant to art. 122, paragraph 2 of Legislative Decree 196/2003, consent for the use of these cookies is expressed by the user through the personal settings which had been freely chosen for the browser used to navigate the website, without prejudice to the user’s right to inform the Data controller at any time about their preference on data managed by the cookies received by the browser.